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Table 5 Changes in some biological values over time

From: Current Outcomes of Laparoscopic Duodenal Switch

Variable Before surgery After surgery p
Hemoglobin A1C (%, n = 473) 6.1 ± 1 4.7 ± 0.5 <0.005
Above six (%, n) 38 % (216) 1.4 % (8)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l, n = 236) 6.57 ± 2.1 4.7 ± 0.9 <0.005
Total cholesterol (mmol/l, n = 236) 4.47 ± 0.9 3.2 ± 0.6 <0.005
HDL (mmol/l, n = 235) 1.22 ± 0.29 1.22 ± 0.29 NS
LDL (mmol/l, n = 233) 2.54 ± 0.79 1.55 ± 0.49 <0.005
Triglycerides (mmol/l, n = 233) 1.59 ± 0.8 1.0 ± 0.4 <0.005
Total cholesterol/HDL 3.79 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 0.8 <0.005
Hemoglobin (g/l, n = 506) 135 ± 11 128.5 ± 13 <0.005
Ferritin (ng/ml, n = 477) 132 ± 153 157 ± 131 <0.005
Albumin (g/l, n = 502) 42.3 ± 2.45 39.9 ± 3.8 <0.005
Vitamin A (µmol/l, n = 394) 1.9 ± 0.45 1.53 ± 0.4 <0.005
Vitamin D-25 (mmol/l, n = 443) 51.6 ± 24 94.3 ± 39 <0.005
Vitamin B12 (pmol/l, n = 479) 300 ± 120 401 ± 160 <0.005