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Table 2 Number of cases with a post-operative complication

From: Outcome-volume relationships and transhiatal esophagectomy: minimizing failure to rescue

Complication All cases Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 P-value
Anastomotic leak 27 (14%) 10 (20%) 5 (10%) 5 (10%) 7 (14%) 0.43
Chyle leak 11 (6%) 1 (2%) 6 (12%) 3 (6%) 1 (2%) 0.09
Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury (temporary or permanent) 13 (7%) 4 (8%) 4 (8%) 2 (4%) 3 (6%) 0.82
Ventilator dependent respiratory failure 29 (15%) 8 (16%) 9 (18%) 8 (16%) 4 (8%) 0.51
Pneumonia or sepsis 25 (13%) 5 (10%) 9 (18%) 9 (18%) 2 (4%) 0.10
Pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis 9 (4%) 5 (10%) 1 (2%) 1 (2%) 2 (4%) 0.18
Myocardial infarction 4 (2%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 3 (6%) 1 (2%) 0.11
1 or more major 61 (31%) 18 (36%) 17 (35%) 14 (28%) 12 (24%) 0.56
  1. Group 1 = cases 1 – 50.
  2. Group 2 = cases 51 – 100.
  3. Group 3 = cases 101 – 150.
  4. Group 4 = cases 151 – 200.
  5. 1 or more major complication(s) include at least one of the following: anastomotic leak, chyle leak, ventilator dependent respiratory failure and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.