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Table 5 Tying a knot.

From: Robotics versus laparoscopy - an experimental study of the transfer effect in maiden users

  MEAN ± SD (RANGE) MEAN ± SD (RANGE) P-value
RL first vs CL first 152 ± 94 (48 - 560) 266 ± 173 (68 - 935) 0.005
RL last vs CL last 91 ± 35 (45 - 195) 267 ± 186 (70 - 1027) 0.001
RL first vs RL last    0.004
CL first vs CL last    ns
RL first vs CL last    0.037
CL first vs RL last    0.005
  1. Time in seconds for each group of participants and transfer effect