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Table 3 Grabbing the needle

From: Robotics versus laparoscopy - an experimental study of the transfer effect in maiden users

  MEAN ± SD (RANGE) MEAN ± SD (RANGE) P-value
RL first vs CL first 10 ± 8 (1 - 28) 6 ± 4 (2 - 25) ns
RL last vs CL last 7 ± 5 (2 - 21) 6 ± 4 (2 - 20) ns
RL first vs RL last    ns
CL first vs CL last    ns
RL first vs CL last    ns
CL first vs RL last    ns
  1. Time in seconds for each group of participants