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Table 2 Qualitative parameters for each group of participants.

From: Robotics versus laparoscopy - an experimental study of the transfer effect in maiden users

  Damage Drop Break
CL first 1 6 0
RL last 5 32 4
RL first 3 47 1
CL last 1 12 0
  1. Number of times damage to pad, dropping the needle or breaking the thread