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Table 1 Time in seconds for each group of participants.

From: Robotics versus laparoscopy - an experimental study of the transfer effect in maiden users

  Grab the needle Continuous suturing Tie a knot
  MEAN ± SD (RANGE) MEAN ± SD (RANGE) MEAN ± SD (RANGE)
CL first 6 ± 4 (2 - 25) 198 ± 82 (108 - 472) 266 ± 173 (68 - 935)
RL last 7 ± 5 (2 - 21) 144 ± 70 (57 - 346) 91 ± 35 (45 - 195)
RL first 10 ± 8 (1 - 28) 216 ± 123 (76 - 663) 152 ± 94 (48 - 560)
CL last 6 ± 4 (2 - 20) 209 ± 96 (86 - 438) 267 ± 186 (70 - 1027)
  1. N = 10 in each group